Type 2 Diabetes - Adult-onset diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and 90 percent of all people with diabetes belong to this group. Incorrectly diagnosed LADA patients are also included. Type 2 diabetes is characterized by insulin resistance, which means that insulin does not have the intended effect in the body. The exact cause of insulin resistance is not yet known. In some patients the cells' insulin receptors do not function properly, while in others the insulin signaling mechanism is defective. However, the body's own insulin production is considered to be functional in these patients.
Type 2 diabetes also develops more slowly than the aggressive type 1 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is the result of a combination of many triggering factors such as heredity, lifestyle and environment. Type 2 diabetes primarily affects adults, but today more and more children are also developing the disease.
WHO (the World Health Organization) classifies type 2 diabetes as an epidemic. The disease is rapidly increasing, and the primary cause is the modern lifestyles. The nearly explosive increase has also been clearly noticeable in recent years in Asian countries such as India and China, as well as in Arab countries such as Saudi Arabia.